טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentNudelman Rosenberg Leonardo
SubjectOperations and Logistic Models for Shared Micro-Depot for
Urban Pickup and Delivery
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor ASSOCIATE PROF. Yale Herer


Abstract

Last-mile logistics is a cause of problems in urban areas, especially problems related to traffic congestion, unsustainable delivery modes, and limited parking availability. In this context, multiple sustainable logistics solutions have been proposed. We focus on micro-depots (MDs), which can function as consolidation centers and a collection- and-delivery points. This thesis extends the existing MD solution by investigating the concept of a shared MD network with parcel lockers. Such networks enable multi- ple logistics service providers (LSPs) and/or business partners to use an MD thereby minimizing their individual costs and optimizing the use of urban space. During the EIT Urban Mobility S.M.U.D. (Shared Micro-depots for Urban pickup and Delivery) project, the concept of a shared MD network with parcel lockers was developed. This thesis defines the scope of a shared MD network based on a thorough framework from the literature. The three-echelon network we propose is modeled from a strategic perspective, based on linear topography. With our model, we compute the distance traveled in the shared MD network using different distribution policies, with or without an urban consolidation center located in the suburban area, and compare the results of the cities involved in the project with the traditional modus operandi. Our results show that cargo bikes can cover most of the distance the pick up and delivery system require, covering up to 80% of the total. The implementation of this network also can reduce the suburban distance standard models would use by up to 75%. The examples in the thesis show the effect on distance traveled and on emissions when varying the fleet type that delivers from the suburban area into the urban area. We also provide a framework through which auxiliary businesses can utilize the existing MD structure to offer services to the surrounding population, thus expanding the positive impact of any MD used this way. By implementing tailored auxiliary services at the MDs, the shared MD network not only adds value to the last-mile delivery, but also helps solve other problems city residents might face.