טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentKatznelson Shaul
SubjectSelection of Bright Excitonic Emission in Monolayer
TMDCs through Out-of-Plane Dipole Excitation at
Room Temperature
DepartmentDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering
Supervisor Dr. Elad Koren
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

__ Since the discovery of graphene by Geim and Novoselov, there has been a tremendous growth in research and development in 2D materials. A very promising group of Two-dimensional semiconductors are transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), which possess immense potential for electronic and photonic applications. Their exceptional opto-electronic properties are a product of the TMDC’s direct band gap, tightly bound excitons, strong spin-orbit coupling and spin-valley degrees of freedom. The band splitting in the conduction and valance bands promotes two spin allowed (forbidden), nominally ‘bright’ (‘dark’), excitonic transitions. While the optically dominant bright excitons were profoundly explored, the study of dark excitons at room temperature is lacking, albeit exhibiting a fundamental key role in the optical properties of TMDCs. Owing to their out-of-plane dipole moment transition, dark excitons can be manipulated by the exciting electric field polarization. In this thesis, I present a method for realizing selective emission of the PL spectra between the Ab and Bb excitonic transitions, profoundly for MoX2 (where X=S, Se) monolayers, induced by relative excitations of in- and out-of-plane dipoles. I demonstrate experimentally and theoretically how incorporation of out-of-plane excitation through the generation of Ad- exciton, induces population in the upper conduction band (CB), resulting in a more dominant Bb- photoluminescence (PL) spectrum. In contrast, purely in-plane excitation results in a dominant Ab- spectrum. I further show that this modulation is thermally driven and relates to the CB splitting, where the faster intraband scattering in comparison with the Bb?- recombination rate, leads to the suppression of its PL emission at low temperature. Finally, I studied this phenomenon in W based TMDC, which hold different CB split ordering than Mo based TMDC.