M.Sc Thesis


M.Sc StudentFreund Galia
SubjectTime, Money, and Trips You Didn't Make:
Transport Problems from a Wider Angle
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor PROF. Karel Martens
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Transport planning in its current format focuses primarily on solving congestion, assuming that congestion is a sign of a poorly functioning network and that a poorly functioning network, in turn, can be equated with transport problems. Since transport planning is focused on the prevention of system failures, it risks disregarding serious transport problems that cannot be captured by analyzing the state of the transport system.

In this thesis I aim to develop and validate a tool that will help to identify and evaluate the scale, depth, and scope of transport problems as they are experienced by various population groups. The proposed tool is a survey designed to identify transport problems from the users’ perspective, specifying the issues that affect actual and desired travel and compromise people’s ability to travel and reach desired destinations.

The research consisted of a survey conducted among 2010 respondents in four areas in the Tel Aviv metropolitan area. The developed survey consisted of three sets of questions related to: (1) difficulty in trip-making; (2) dependency on others for trip-making; and (3) trips forgone, i.e. trips that were not made due to transport-related problems. The respondents were asked to report on whether the trip difficulties and trips forgone were related to issues of time, physical difficulty, cost, or discomfort.

After receiving the results, reliability and validity of the survey were tested using Cronbach’s Alpha, Principal Components Analysis, T-tests, ANOVA, and regression models. The validity tests showed that income, car ownership, disability, and young age (18-24) were significantly related to transport problems, while gender and geographical location were only partially linked to the reporting of transport problems. In contrast, parents and older respondents (65) reported having less transport problems compared to non-parents and people of younger ages. These findings suggest that a substantial part of the questionnaire is suitable for the systematical identification of transport problems and difficulties across the population.