טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentGurevich Uri
SubjectThe Effects and Implications of BIM Adoption Actions
of Public Construction Procurement Organizations
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisor Professor Rafael Sacks
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Many large public procurement agencies adopt Building Information Modelling (BIM) without any understanding, theoretical nor empirical, of the nature of the relationship between their actions and the expected achievements and results they can expect. In this situation they act according to intuition and are unable to predict or measure the consequences of their actions in the whole process.

In the last decade, the demand for design and construction using BIM has become common among large construction organizations. The reasons for this lie in the advantages for the user at every stage of a structure's lifecycle: reduced design and construction durations, improved quality in design, construction, maintenance and operation, and lower costs. Understanding this has prompted private companies and public agencies to mandate the use of BIM in their projects.

But how can BIM adoption be implemented effectively? Existing research has provided theory focused on design and contracting companies, but not the procurement agencies. Most studies have dealt with the benefits for architects, engineers, construction companies, material suppliers and other partners in the project supply chain. Yet adoption among the procurement agencies is fundamentally different and requires a broad outlook on the design, build, operation, maintenance and demolition of the structure.

The key question of the study was therefore "What steps are needed for public organizations to leverage BIM technology to improve the processes and structures they provide?" This question was studied through characterizing the relationships between adoption processes, the manner of implementation by large public procurement agencies, and the projected impacts on all of the agency’s partners. The research included analysis of existing adoption methods; development of a BIM adoption impact map (BIM-AIM), selection of main adoption measures and examination of case studies using interview questionnaires, surveillance, etc. Seventeen project case studies belonging to three major client agencies were measured at the project level and at the organizational level, and the results were depicted on "BIM adoption level" charts using appropriate metrics. Each organization was methodically examined in terms of how the organization invests in the various actions taken for the purpose of BIM adoption, against the results for the project (using ARUP measurement tools) and the organization (using a purpose-built questionnaire).

The results of the case studies showed that although the BIM-AIM represented the correct connections between organizations and their actions, each action affects the adoption process differently, and also directly affects the product that is obtained in the organization. As a result, BIM-AIM 2.0 version was developed. The new map allows agencies to analyse long-term value versus short-term value, work on amplifying actions, and analyse their direct context (people, technology, process and information) so that an organization can focus its efforts on delivering value-added products.