Ph.D Thesis


Ph.D StudentGover Shlomi
SubjectDuality Theorems and Vector Measures in Optimal
Transportation Theory
DepartmentDepartment of Mathematics
Supervisor PROFESSOR EMERITUS Gershon Wolansky
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

The optimal transportation problem, first suggested by Gaspard Monge in the 18th century and later revived in the 1940s by Leonid Kantorovich, deals with the question of transporting a certain measure to another, using transport maps or transport plans that minimize the total cost of transportation. This problem is very popular since it has a variety of applications in economics, physics, computer science and more.


One of the main tools in this theory is the duality theorem, which states that the optimal total cost equals to the value of a different optimization problem called the dual problem.


In this work, I show how the problem and duality theorem can be generalized to an abstract formulation, in which I omit the use of measures. I show how this generalization implies a wide range of different optimal transport problems, and even other problems from game theory, linear programming and functional analysis.


In particular, I show how the optimal transport problem can be generalized to deal with vector-measures as a result of the abstract theorem and discuss the properties of this problem: I present its corresponding duality theorem and formulate conditions for the existence of transport plans, transport maps and solutions to the dual problem.