טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentHabouba Belinky Inna
SubjectThe Influence of Pro-Briefing Debriefing on
Team Cognition in Simulation-Based Training
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor ASSOCIATE PROF. Avi Parush
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Team cognition is essential to teamwork and team performance. Briefing in team Simulation-based-training (SBT), and specifically pre-briefing and debriefing, are commonly used for improving teamwork, team performance, and enhancing team cognition. This research explored the role of team cognition in the relations between briefing methods in SBT and teamwork, and proposed team cognition as a mediator between briefing methods and performance.

The first experiment introduced simulator-triggered debriefing and explored its effect on team cognition and performance in project management SBT. The experiment occurred during a project management course where student dyads practice with a project management simulator as teams. Simulator-generated feedback was displayed to teams to trigger debriefing. Findings show that frequent usage of the simulator-generated feedback was associated with better project performance. Furthermore, team skills and co-regulation mediated the effect of simulator-generated feedback on the best project management score. Findings suggest that simulator-triggered debriefing can enhance team cognition, and influence team-level and task-level performance in SBT.

The second experiment implemented team cognition priming through pre-briefing in SBT of forest firefighting teams. It examined the effect on team cognition and performance, as a function of two team structures: functional and cross-functional. Team performance- effectiveness (saved houses or vegetation proportion) and efficiency (fire suppression time)- was assessed based on objective measures from the simulations. Team cognition was assessed based on questionnaires. Team pre-briefing was associated with improved team effectiveness through the mediation of team cognition: shared understanding, transactive memory system, and co-regulation, regardless of team structure. Functional teams without priming were more efficient than cross-functional. With priming, cross-functional teams were more efficient than functional. This suggests a possible tradeoff in effectiveness versus efficiency for the functional teams.

The final part of the research presents a follow up analysis of team communication, through which team cognitive processes were explored. Results indicated that cognition priming was associated with more positive instances of communication behaviors of shared understanding and co-regulation, and overall communication, for both team structures and especially for the cross-functional one.

The research stresses the central role of team cognition in the relation between briefing methods and team performance in training. It has both theoretical and practical implications. The theoretical model proposes team cognition as a mediator between briefing methods and team performance. Team cognition that is activated by briefing methods, is the facilitator of team performance in SBT. Practically, the research introduces pre-briefing and debriefing mechanisms, and outlines considerations for planning briefing mechanisms or designing teams.