M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc Student Hindi Mohamad The Choice of the Metronit's Access and Egress Modes Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Professor Tomer Toledo Dr. Robert Ishaq

Abstract

An implemented solution for the improvement of the public transportation system was done through the development of the BRT (bus rapid transit) system in Haifa called the “Metronit”. This research focuses on modeling the selection of the appropriate alternative by modeling the access mode and the egress mode.

The literary survey shows that among various of factors, the distance is the most dominant factor that influences the selection of the access and the egress mode.

The model estimation was based on an on-board survey, conducted in 2015 by Yefe Nof. A sample of 5302 relevant observations are used as the source for data for the estimation process. In order to estimate the effect of distance on the selection process, the distance to and from the station for all survey observations were computed.

Two Logit models were estimated:  the first model is constructed to examine the effects of various factors on the selection process, and the second model includes only the distance factor. What characterizes both models is the utility function which includes two constants: one is related to the access mode and the other to the egress mode.

The summary of the results from the formulated models:

The distance, is the main and dominant variable that influences the selection of the means of transport.

Passengers prefer to avoid walking long distances, more than 1 km, and at greater distances they prefer the bus or other means of transportation.

Ownership of a driver’s license affect the selection of the transport means of arrival to the station.

Whether the departure and destination point are within the reach of the “Metronit” line are factors which influence the choice of the transportation means of arrival to the station.

The age of the passenger, the time and purpose of the trip are found to be factors that do not bear on the selection process.

In order to investigate the model’s application, two scenarios were developed for implementation. The first scenario considers the impact of running a new train line, from Carmiel to Haifa. The second scenario, on the other hand, looks at the impact of the operation of five new “Metronit” lines in the Haifa metropolitan area.

Implementing the first scenario results in an increased number of passengers who use the train-“Metronit” alternative.  As a result, the percentage of passengers using the bus decreased. The result indicates that when it comes to large distances, people prefer the train as a means of transportation over the bus.

Implementing the second scenario leads to a wider coverage and shorter access distance to the station. This in turn increases the percentage of passengers who use walking as a means of transportation to and from the station. Overall, the percentage of passengers using bus - walking as a means of transportation decreased. Additionally, adding new “Metronit” lines greatly reduces bus - “Metronit” traffic as travelers prefer walking as a means of transportation to and from the station. This finding requires a reexamination of the deployment of bus lines, including their frequency.