טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTeiman Amit
Subject"The Useful with the Beautiful"
Theory and Practice in the Design of the Private
Gardens of Shlomo Oren-Weinberg"
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Tal Alon-Mozes
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

   Gardens are the ideal mediators between nature and culture. The private gardens planned by the landscape architects who arrived in Israel from Europe in the 1920s integrated European planning approaches with the local landscape. Among these, Shlomo Oren-Weinberg (1889-1955) was particularly prominent. Oren-Weinberg, who immigrated to Israel from Germany in 1925, initially worked mainly as an agricultural instructor, and later planned public projects, along with private gardens. In parallel, he promoted the establishment of professional organizations, founded the journal Gan Vanof (Garden and Landscape), wrote articles and taught at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology.

   The main goal of the research is to examine the characteristics of the private gardens planned by Oren-Weinberg against the backdrop of his publications, and to propose a method for studying private gardens.

   The main research questions are:

What are the characteristics of the private gardens planned by Shlomo Oren-Weinberg? What is the professional world-view that arises from his articles, and how was it implemented in the gardens?

   The secondary questions examine which European concepts infiltrated into his work; and how these gardens were interpreted in view of the changes that took place in the Hebrew settlements. They also explore the similarity between his work and the work of parallel landscape architects.

   The research is comprised of four parts: Introduction; literature review; the body of the research, which examines the theoretical ideas in articles and garden plans, and a summary and discussion chapter.


The research findings demonstrate:

         An affinity between Oren-Weinberg’s theoretical ideas and the garden planning. In his view, the garden should provide physical and mental welfare, an aesthetic space, shade, and also serve as a source of economic support. Additionally, the planning must be based on the use of simple materials, a natural style, the implementation of harmonious principles, and the creation of an impression of a large space. The research demonstrates that these concepts were almost fully realized.

         Oren-Weinberg’s was influenced by the traditional German garden, and by modern economic and social concepts of the early 1900s, including the gardens of Migge, Muthesius and Lange. Furthermore, his perception of the garden as a space for leisure and relaxation was similar to those of Canneel-Claes and Brandt. In contrast, in his choice of a traditional design style, he presented a reactionary stance toward modern concepts, which rejected the styles of the past and cubistic design concepts.

         Oren-Weinberg’s planning characteristics were similar to those found in the private gardens of parallel planners, and reflected, similarly to kibbutz settlements, the transition from the formal to the natural style.

         Oren-Weinberg’s gardens reflected conflicts in the local discourse: the range of gardens, from leisure to utility, expressed the tension between urban bourgeoisie and agricultural settlement; and the choice to integrate local and imported vegetation reflected the discussion on the desired garden character, Western vs. local.

   The research contributes to the heritage of landscape architecture in Israel by enriching the knowledge on private gardens, as well as by proposing a method combining theoretical concepts and development plans.