טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentFriedman Jonathan
SubjectDynamic of a Thin Elastic Sphere Containing a Thin
Liquid Layer Immersed in an Acoustic Region
DepartmentDepartment of Mechanical Engineering
Supervisor Professor Amir Gat
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

The characteristic time of viscous-elastic interaction scales linearly with the ratio of fluid viscosity to solid Young's modulus. For sufficiently large values of Young's modulus, both time- and length-scales of the viscous-elastic dynamics may be similar to acoustic time- and length-scales. However, the requirement of dominant viscous effects limits the validity of such regimes to micro-configurations. We here study the dynamics of an acoustic plane wave impinging on the surface of a sphere with an embedded creeping layer, focusing on configurations with similar viscous-elastic and acoustic time- and length-scales. By expanding the linearized spherical Reynolds equation into the relevant spectral series solution for the hyperbolic elastic regions, a global stiffness matrix of the layered elastic sphere was obtained. The maximal pressure difference induced by the acoustic wave on the creeping region was found to occur for identical viscous-elastic and acoustic length-scales. Comparing an elastic sphere with an embedded creeping layer to a fully elastic sphere, a significant reduction in magnitude and fluctuations (with regard to wavelength) are observed for both the displacements of the solid and target strength of the sphere. This effect was most significant for identical viscous-elastic and acoustic time-scales. This work relates viscous-elastic dynamics to acoustic scattering and may pave the way to the design of novel meta-materials with unique acoustic properties.