M.Sc Thesis

M.Sc StudentAberman Kfir
SubjectSub-Nyquist Synthetic Aperture Radar
DepartmentDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Supervisor PROF. Yonina Eldar
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Conventional Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) systems are limited in their ability to fulfill the increasing demand for improved spatial resolution and wider coverage. While the former demand requires high sampling rates which are difficult to attain in practice, the latter is upper bounded due to the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) which is dictated by the Nyquist theorem. Consequently, sampling rate reduction is of high practical value in radar imaging. In this paper, we introduce a new algorithm, equivalent to the well-known Range-Doppler method, to process SAR data using the Fourier series coefficients of the raw signals. Using the framework of compressed sensing (CS), we then demonstrate how to exploit the new algorithm features to reduce sampling rate in both range and azimuth axes and process the signals effectively at sub-Nyquist rates. We show that an image can be reconstructed after dropping a large percentage of the transmitted pulses, with no resolution degradation and offer to exploit the complementary pulses to capture other scenes within the same coherent processing interval (CPI) using electronic beam steering. The proposed recovery algorithms exploit the inherent two-dimensional structure of the problem and form a new CS-SAR imaging method that can be applied to high-quality and high-resolution real SAR imaging data acquired at sub-Nyquist rates in both axes. The performance of the new algorithms is assessed using simulated and real data sets. Finally, our approach is implemented in hardware using a previously suggested Xampling radar prototype.