|M.Sc Student||Gil Shani|
|Subject||A Multidimensional Intergenerational Model for the|
Explanation of Young Male Novice Drivers` Driving
|Department||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering||Supervisors||Professor Tomer Toledo|
|Professor Orit Taubman-Ben Ari|
|Full Thesis text|
It is well known that young novice drivers are involved in more crashes than any other age group during their first few years of driving. There have been many suggestions over the years in order to reduce the high rate of involvement by introducing mandatory driving lessons, accompanied driving, as well as in-vehicle data recorders. However, the driving behavior of young novice drivers is complex and thus understanding of the internal and external factors that impact them in a multidimensional model is highly necessary and important.
This study is based on a large-scale research conducted by Or Yarok on the first year of driving among male young drivers. Various goals of the original study were to examine how young drivers’ driving changes over the course of the first year of driving, how parents’ characteristics affect their offspring’s driving, and how are youngsters’ own personality and attitudes contribute to their own driving behavior. The original study examined 242 families, from which this study used data collected from fathers and sons who completed self-report questionnaires independently. Data were completed at three phases during the study: upon the issuing of a driving license (phase 1), six months from licensure (phase 2, including the accompanied driving period), twelve months after licensure (phase 3). The questionnaires included the multidimensional driving style inventory (MDSI), family adaptability and cohesion evaluation (FACES), family climate for road safety scale (FCRSS), and the driving costs and benefits questionnaire. Some of the questionnaires were completed in more than one phase during the study. This study examined the first time each questionnaire was answered by both the father and the son; the MDSI for both the father and the son from their points of view respectfully, and the rest of the questionnaires from the young drivers' point of view only.
Whereas most previous studies indicated direct relationships between driving styles and other factors: family relations, family climate for road safety, and costs and benefits of driving, the current study acknowledged the complexity of driving behavior and therefore a structural equation model was examined.
The results of the structural equation model found direct significant effects between the dimensions, as well as, significant indirect effects from the fathers' driving style and family relations through the mediators to the young drivers' driving style. The factors of noncommitment, messages and thrill were found to be the strongest mediators through the fathers' driving style and through the family relations to the driving style of the young novice driver.
In addition to the contribution of the systematic model, this study may have practical implications, informing interventions regarding the factors that should be focused on in order to prevent adolescents' involvement in car crashes.