טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentDickler Yael
SubjectThe Phenomenon of Adaptive Reuse Preservation of Buildings
in Israel
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Dr. Dafna Fisher Gewirtzm
Professor Noemi Bitterman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This paper examined the issue of preservation and adaptive reuse of residential buildings in Israel. This analysis strives to review and examine the existing strategies in building preservation. Subsequently, developing a method to classify and categorize building undergoing preservation and / or adaptive reuse.

The literature review presented in this paper provides an introduction to preservation and adaptive reuse, approaches with reference to building preservation and environmental preservation. We can see a rising awareness of building preservation in Israel in the recent years. The motivation for preservation in Israel comes from historical and ideological reasons. It is argued that in Israel, like in the U.S., the historical and cultural narratives of the building are more important than the method of construction and materials in use. Preservation in residential buildings extensively performed in Tel-Aviv, more than in any other city in Israel.

Inspired by the literature review, three criteria were defined for examining the phenomenon of preservation and adaptive reuse of existing buildings: 1. The preservation approach, 2. The relationship between the building and the urban environment and 3. The way the building was reused. Each of the three criteria was subcategorized into 2 or 3 levels. As a result, 12 possible structures of buildings emerged. The above criteria were used for classifying the case studies that were selected out of residential buildings in Israel that underwent preservation and/ or adaptive reuse. For this purpose five buildings were selected from three cities in Israel: Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa. All case-studies in this study, were all used as residential buildings in the past: Beit Bialik, Pagoda House and "King Albert" Hotel in Tel Aviv, the Stern family home in Jerusalem and the Tawfiq-el-Kahlil family house in Haifa.

To summarize, preservation and adaptive reuse have an important role in renewal of urban environments. As in the case-studies examined; the residential buildings were preserved due to historical reasons, but also (and especially) for social and cultural reasons, as well as economic reasons.A method to classify buildings undergoing preservation and adaptive reuse was developed. Recommendations for using the classification method and how to apply it on a larger extent are presented in the concluding chapter.