M.Sc Thesis

M.Sc StudentItzcovitch Hadas
SubjectGuidelines for Workstation Design - Adapted for
Anesthesiologists` Requierments
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors PROF. Yeshayahu(Sha Katz
DR. Yair Lifshitz
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


The current study focused on the complete design of the equipment and medicine Anesthetists' workstation in the operating room. This workstation is basically storing the components needed by the Anesthetist during his work and used as a work platform and writing panel as needed. The workstation is intended for work in the operation room and should match the medical requirements of the operation room and it's users, and meet all the strict codes and procedures that apply to operation room equipment.

Ergonomic design of the anesthetists' workstation is of significant importance, mainly for the prevention of medical mistakes.  Efficient design of the workstation considering the mobility aspect, accessibility to equipment, and storage of medication, will keep the staff safer, and generally will improve the routine procedures in the operating room.

The ease of use and efficient organization of the workstation is a necessity in light of the workloads that the anesthetist is subjected to. In this research we discuss the satisfaction of the anesthetist from the structural and operational design of the existing workstation. According to  the findings, improvements and conceptual solutions are suggested to improve ease of use in the aspects such as: physical, visual, auditory, and tactile use of the workstation

The current research initiated the requirement specification of anesthesiology staff  in the operating rooms, by passively observing active operating rooms at three different hospitals in Israel, collecting photographic evidences and answers from fifty questionnaires that were distributed among 50 anesthetists.  Also, further information was gained by interviewing crew member at the operating rooms. 

The analysis of the collected data indicated lack of standardization compatible with requirements of modern processes, in particular regarding overall space, storage of tools and medications, and comfortable access to those items during operation.

Following the observations, we suggested guidelines for  planning future anesthetists' workstation, considering the space, illumination, hygiene, mobility, proximity to both anesthetist and patient, and the flexibly adapting to several user types in their different shifts. We also suggested concept solutions to the standardization of the storage via manual or automated model. We proposed several new design elements to improve productivity and ease of using the anesthetic workstation.

The research emphasized the holistic approach of the design, improving the entire workstation.