|Ph.D Student||Mualam Nir|
|Subject||Conflicts over Preservation of the Built Heritage|
A Cross-National Comparative Analysis of the
Decisions of Planning Tribunals
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Rachelle Alterman|
|Full Thesis text|
The research identifies the built-heritage as a highly contested area in land-use planning, and in particular when historic preservation is pursued. Preservation of the built heritage creates tensions between owners and public authorities, between private and public concerns, and between neighbors and developers. The research aims to explore comparatively a variety of themed conflicts in three jurisdictions: Israel, Oregon and England. More than 200 debates have been studied using similar platform- tribunals that decide preservation appeals. The analysis we employed is qualitative and quantitative, cross-national and exploratory. It is designed to examine what are the considerations employed by judicial bodies in selected countries in deciding historic preservation conflicts?
To facilitate this, the dissertation builds an analytical framework which enables cross-national comparison of heritage conflicts, based on specific dimensions (considerations): architectural, planning, social, economic and property-related. Under each dimension, the dissertation outlines arguments of preservation opponents and proponents and examines which arguments are being employed by decision-makers.
To enable the cross-national comparison of conflicts, the dissertation studies the foundations of preservation policy in each country including present day regulation, guidance and procedures for protecting the built heritage. Accordingly, the analysis encompasses conflicts together with institutional and regulatory comparisons.