טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMansour Sari
SubjectImpact Investigation of Moving IDF Camps to the Negev
Region on Travel Patterns in the South Region
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisor Professor Shlomo Bekhor
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This final paper examines the transportation impact of moving the military camp "Keriat Hadrakha" from the central region (the area near Tzrifin on Route 44) to the Negev intersection in the south (south of Beer Sheva on Route 40), as the main project of the IDF program to copy its camps from the city centers to the periphery.

    The research goals are as indicated below:
  1. A systemic vision of the road network that helps diagnose problematic areas, meeting points, bottlenecks, etc. In light of the anticipated transition of the camp.
  2. Impact of the transition on the level of service of the existing road network and examine the impact on major roads and nearby areas.
  3. An examination of the planned and existed transportation supply, given the expected transition (Public transportation and infrastructure).

The examination of the transition was made in this study with the construction of future projections of four scenarios: 2015 with and without transition, the year 2030 with and without transition. For each scenario, a suitable road network was built and edited, and the appropriate travel demand was estimated, given all the projects expected.


The data source is the 2010 and 2030 road network and demand matrices from the national transportation model. The data source was modified in specific zones related to the demand for travel of soldiers to and from the proposed military camp.


The main tool used in this study to evaluate the impact of various scenarios is the traffic assignment model.

    The results of the different scenarios were compared according to the following metrics:
  1. Service level in various sections.
  2. Average speed in the road sections.
  3. Traffic volume differences between various scenarios.

According to the different scenario results, it can be identified clearly that there is considerable impact of moving the training camp of "Kiryat Hadrakha" to the south on the major traffic roads of that area.


The assignment results show that the road system in 2015 and 2030 in the south region exhibits a good level of service under the expected demand before the transition; however, in selected roads close to the military camp, the level of service are expected to  significantly decrease after the transition.


Regarding the supply of the public transport, the existing system today cannot meet the expected demand after the transition and should be upgraded to match the anticipated demand.