|M.Sc Student||Banna-Jeries Enaya|
|Subject||Public Open Spaces in Nazareth: Behaviors and Preferences of|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
This research focuses on the Arab society in Nazareth, Israel in relation to open public spaces in their neighborhoods. The study’s goal was to identify and understand planning factors that are connected with the behavior and preferences of Arab residents in the sample neighborhoods in Nazareth, regarding open public spaces. Two neighborhoods were chosen with spontaneous development characteristics and another two with planned development characteristics.
The research examined personal and cultural characteristics as they relate to the behavior, positions, and preferences of the interviewees regarding open public spaces. 120 individuals, between ages 22-60 years, from the 4 different neighborhoods participated in the study. Half of the interviewees were male and half were female. Observations were also conducted in each neighborhood.
The research examined three groups of independent variables: personal (age, age and number of children, employment, former living place, average income, education); cultural characteristics (gender, religion, religiosity, traditionalism; and characteristics of the physical environment (the development characteristics of the neighborhood).
The research found that religion per se had no effect on behavior variables of the residents of the neighborhoods in the public open spaces. In examining religious characteristics, it was found that another two variables affected the behavioral preferences and positions of the residents in the public open spaces: traditionalism and religiosity.
Personal and cultural variables of the local community affect the need for different and suitable planning and designing, but do not prevent local residents from participating in activities in the public space. Rather, the conclusions show that cultural variables that create a feeling of trust and belonging to the area, encourage and support the occurrence of these activities in the public spaces.
The variables of the physical environment, especially the lack of space that is suitable for the occurrence of the activity, may be a barrier or limit residents going out to public spaces. A physical environment that does not fulfill the needs for the walking activity especially hurts the women and children.
In the last part of this research, detailed recommendations are given for planning open public spaces inside neighborhoods in Nazareth and similar towns/cities. These recommendations consider different issues of location, hierarchy, dispersion, integration of functions, accessibility, safety and trust. Examination of the variables and characteristics of the society that will use the public space is very important in the allocation, planning, and design of successful open spaces.