טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentCory Joseph
SubjectAttempts to Transform the Surrealist Dream into an
Architectural Reality
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Michael Levin
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This is a comparative historic study between key characters in twentieth century art who created architectural spaces in a seemingly impossible attempt to realize the surrealistic dream. In this study, a comprehensive survey of endeavors to turn surrealistic ideals into architectural reality, by both members of the movement as well as among later designers, is performed. The architectural works of these various creators under the influence of surrealism has never before been assembled within a study examining this phenomenon with a critical eye, examining the measure of success. Exposing the architectural surrealistic approach of these major designers through a study of rich archive material and the first-ever interviews on the subject with key characters constitutes a contribution to the study of the history of architecture and art in the twentieth century. The study examined and compared between pioneering multi-disciplinary creators who formulated complex concepts of space, contrary to the modernist concept. In this study, we deepened the understanding of the historic continuum of development of surrealistic architectural approaches, which attempted to disturb the hegemony of modernism.


The study analyses the architectural activities of Kiesler and Dali and the influence surrealism had on them, while searching for the features, singled out in the outset of the study, of the surrealistic dream as opposed to reality, in works, sketches, criticism of modernism and descriptions of the difficulties in realizing structures. Emphasis was put on Kiesler's architecture and the influence surrealism had on both his theoretical and constructed work.  These two personalities constitute the body of the main study, and most of the initial archive material relates to them. The study analyses the gaps between their surrealistic vision and the manner in which they actually realized their ideas.


The study proves the influence of the surrealistic perception on architecture. Methodical and focused use was made of surrealistic traits among various, different creators at important architectural junctions, and the continued legacy of the ideas remains relevant for many creators not identified with this movement even today. We say that the context is complex, beyond formativeness, and that there is a pervading influence of psychological issues, and social techniques and awareness. Surrealism in architecture is not a one-time phenomenon. The phenomenon has contemporary implications, it is a catalyst for creative planning and is not a school but rather a planning strategy of great potential.