M.Sc Thesis

M.Sc StudentAllweil Yael
SubjectExclusion and Separation in Israeli Public Spaces, as a
Means of Designing Place, Body and Identity -
Case Study - The Tel Aviv Shoreline
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor PROFESSOR EMERITUS Rachel Kallus


This study focuses on the appropriation of urban spaces by unrecognized communities, reflecting fragmentation processes in contemporary society. Most relevant researches focus on the segregation of private spaces by strong communities, excluding weaker groups. This study suggests a challenge to these researches through the identification and study of the claiming of public spaces by weak groups that have no established place in which to congregate.

The appropriation of public space by unrecognized communities participates in the fundamental debate concerning the ability of architecture to bring about ideological change. While most researches view architectural actions as tools used to reinforce hegemonic ideology, this study views the activities of unrecognized communities in public spaces as Gramsci's 'enclaves of resistance' that perform subversive activity within hegemonic space and may gradually bring about ideological change (Gramsci, 2002).

This research addresses this fundamental issue through the study of three unrecognized groups operating on the Tel Aviv shore. Each group allows a focus on one of the identified features of the 'enclave of resistance' - place, activity and identity: The circle of drummers operating at the Dolphinarium beach, the homosexual community of Independence Park, and the 4x4 ‘dune buggy’ drivers who operate around Mandarin Beach.

All unrecognized communities identified in public spaces in Tel Aviv are male, adhering to Israeli male Sabra identity that resists Jewish identity, constructed by means of designing body and territory (Weiss, 2002). This points out to a mechanism of resistance in Israeli society that reflects on the production of Israeli space.