טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentYom-Tov Tirza
SubjectEducational Buildings in the Kibutz Ideas and Physical Solut
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Avraham Wachman (Deceased)


Abstract

For any specific society its ideological basis is a major factor dictating its growth and development and consequently the-layout and building types in its environment. Building forms of an intentional ideological society tend to be more homogeneous than in pluralistic societies later becoming a "conservative" inventory.

This research examines the relation between the kibbutz ideology and its built environment and inventory focusing on the educational section The unique kibbutz "collective education" model shifts the focus of the educational process from the family to the distinctive institutional "comprehensive children's house" which undertook the core of the educational task. Between 1920 and 1960 thousands of children grew up in these "children's houses”.

A comparative analysis has been carried out comparing family housing to the educational facilities in 26 kibbutzim to examine the effect of ideological changes over the years. It seems that as the ideological basis of kibbutz society broadened, the gap between the changing needs and the stagnant building inventory widened. Moreover, the “communal home” conception no longer suits the dynamic changes in life-style. As a result, the family home regained its central role in the daily life of the commune, entailing extensive changes in the built environment.

Through understanding the dynamics and the development of the kibbutz and the effects of its ideology on the decisions which determine the forms of the built environment, this research may contribute to the understanding of the relationships between ideology, society and the built environment in the kibbutz and possibly also in other forms of human settlements.