|M.Sc Student||Ofer Yosi|
|Subject||New Residential Construction in Neighbrhood Revitalization|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon|
|Dr. Mira Baron|
This research reviews the development of various approaches to neighborhood revitalization around the world and in Israel, beginning with the urban renewal approach, through comprehensive neighborhood rehabilitation to the revitalization and gentrification approaches. Project Renewal in Israel has applied the comprehensive neighborhood rehabilitation approach. Its main objectives are improvement of the physical and social living conditions of the in habitants of the neighborhoods, prevention of deterioration of the neighborhoods and decreasing the gaps between Project Renewal neighborhoods and affluent neighborhoods in Israel. Evaluation research projects of Project Renewal have found that the entry of new population is the key to the successful revitalization of the neighborhoods, and that new housing is one of the distinctly influential factors on this outcome. This research applied a case study approach to examine new housing dating from the mid -1980’s in four Project Renewal neighborhoods. The research presents the scope and physical characteristics of the new housing in comparison to the old housing stock (differentiating between new housing within the Project Renewal neighborhoods and the new housing in their immediate vicinity). It examines the characteristics of initiation, financing and implementation of the new housing, the socio-economic profile of its residents and the changes in the physical infrastructure systems, public institutions and select social services in the Project Renewal neighborhoods following the construction of the new housing.
The findings point to the emergence of an additional neighborhood revitalization approach - regeneration and development - which combines the rehabilitation of the existing structure with the attraction of a new population. The final chapter presents several planning conclusions which see the new housing as a tool for the achievement of revitalization objectives in the neighborhoods.