|M.Sc Student||Rotiz Limor|
|Subject||The Outboor Play of Ultra-Orthodox Children in Jerusalem:|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman|
This research examines the outdoor play of the children of the Ultra-Orthodox population. Its objective was to check their need for outdoor play places. Are their needs similar to the needs of secular children and if not, what is the difference. What are the implications of this difference for the planning of play places for Ultra-Orthodox children in their neighborhoods? Delimited areas from two neighborhoods in Jerusalem were examined. One neighborhood has an Ultra-Orthodox character - Ramot Alon, and the other has a secular character - Pisgat Zeev.
Individual interviews were conducted with the children using structured questionnaires.
All the children were of mothers that were interviewed for a previous study conducted in these neighborhoods. This previous research gave us information on the family behavior and the mother’s opinion on different subjects.
This information facilitated the comparison between the Ultra-Orthodox mothers and the secular mothers, and between the mothers and their children on different subjects. The existing land norms for planning public open spaces in neighborhoods were examined. A comparison was made between the norms to what was actually found in the research areas. The findings of this research indicated that Ultra-Orthodox children play outdoors similarly to secular children, but the duration of their play is shorter. In spite of this both the Ultra-Orthodox and the secular children think that they have enough free time. The boys and the girls of both neighborhoods play in the park near their house; but as a rule, they play in all the open spaces in the neighborhoods and not necessarily in the places planned for children’s play.
A dominance of one of the sexes was found in some of the play places. Boys play more in the places designated for motor vehicles and girls play more in the places designated for pedestrians. The satisfaction of the mothers with the children play places was found to be moderate.
The Ultra-Orthodox mothers and children think that play is very important for the child and it is not just a waste of time. Generally, a correlation was found between the children and the mothers on most of the subjects. From the analysis of the findings the conclusions of this research were: 1) All the neighborhood’s public open spaces should be considered as places for children’s activity, and should be planned accordingly. 2) There is a need for play places in the Ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods similar to the need in the secular neighborhoods and in accordance with the average family size in these neighborhoods. 3) Among the Ultra-Orthodox there is no obligation for separation of the boys and the girls play places.