|M.Sc Student||Baron Daniel|
|Subject||Preservation of Components and of the Spirit of Place of|
Jerusalem Landscape as Part of the Development
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Iris Aravot|
The city of Jerusalem has been undergoing, since 1967, a rapid process of urban development which causes the change of the visual character of the city’s landscape, and of its spirit of place, which is the basis of Jerusalem’s uniqueness.
This paper deals with the designing of principles for urban planning and urban design based on the physical characteristics of the place and on the Genius Loci of it, as opposed to planning approaches based on demand for development.
The study of the local landscape’s components and meanings, which are essentials in a local oriented planning approach, is based on phenomenological tools.
The planning approach brought herein is also connected with different approaches in physical planning and design, which developed as a reaction to the environmental results of development based on mere functionalist principles. Such approaches made an attempt to return to the urban landscape some of its traditional qualities and values, which modernist movement had abandoned.
The outline schemes and master plans prepared for Jerusalem serve as a tool to learn about the attitude toward Jerusalem’s landscape qualities among professionals.
The study of the process of change in the landscape is based on a survey of a number of central components, or themes in the local landscape.
The conclusions made out of this survey, as well as the base of information on the character of Jerusalem’s landscape and the alternative planning approaches- all these serve as a base for the Planning principles suggested in the paper, which are intended to link between physical components preservation and preservation of the Genius Loci and other common development criteria, as integral parts of a general planning view.