|M.Sc Student||Erlich Liora|
|Subject||The Effect of Family Ties on Residential Distribution in|
Arab Settlements in Israel
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon|
The objective of this paper is to describe and analyze the effect of family ties on residential distribution in Arab settlements in Israel, and to discuss implications for planning. The paper is based on a review of the relevant literature in Hebrew and English. To complement the information and findings published in the literature, we have interviewed number of people who are personally knowledgeable in the subject.
Analysis of the totality of factors which influence residential distribution in Arab settlements in Israel indicates the continued dominance of family ties among them. We found that the most prominent factor affecting residential distribution is family ownership of the land. While physical-spatial factors have some weight in influencing residential preferences, the decisive factor is the consideration given to family ties. It is impossible to determine precisely to what extent the reliance on family land is the deciding factor and to what extent the personal preference for living close to the family is, but our research provides sufficient indication of the existence of such a preference among both adults and young people, in small and large settlements.
The slow penetration of organized planning into the Arab settlements has not significantly changed their existing residential distribution and the factors which influence it. Even in places where state lands have been released for construction, the neighborhoods built on them were usually similar in character to the older built-up areas.
The paper concludes with a number of practical recommendations for planning in the Arab sector, based on our findings The most important of these recommendations is to manage planning procedures in cooperation with the local population and professionals from the Arab sector in order to develop solutions which fit the values and social norms of those who are to benefit from the planning