|M.Sc Student||Trainin-Mangan Daphna|
|Subject||A Window Into the World of Integrated Models|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Daniel Gat|
The thesis deals with theoretical and empirical research on integrated models and their implementation. The integrated model is a computerized representation of a given urban planning area which necessarily includes transportation and land use. The model provides information about the reciprocal relations between the urban subsystems, and may be used to forecast their behavior.
The study aimed to illuminate the topic by collecting information from urban planners who have developed integrated models in various locations throughout the world. The main research question was: What can be learned from the knowledge accumulated by these developers regarding the penetration of integrated models into the world of urban planning?
The study relied on information from the literature and on the responses to a questionnaire distributed to developers of integrated models throughout the world. Twelve developers participated in the study, including some who have been involved in research and development of integrated models for some three decades.
The thesis consists of three parts: The first part provides general background and an introduction to the topic. The second part is a detailed review of two specific subjects: a description of integrated models and the criticism regarding integrated models. Both parts are based on the results of literature review. The third part presents the empirical study and its findings. This part includes a summary that may help decision-makers determine whether the integrated models would be effective in the problems they are dealing with. Both the theoretical and empirical studies present new ideas based on the accumulated knowledge about the integrated models.
The following are some of the empirical findings obtained from the research:
=> The integrated models that were implemented had mainly been used for the stage of preparing the plans.
=> The greater the number of policy areas, the greater their influence on decision-making.
=>The reliability of the integrated models diminishes when more data are required for their implementation.
=> It has been argued that the results of the models may be biased if people with vested interests and firmly rooted ideas about the planning problem are involved in the initial state of defining the basis of the model and its development.