|M.Sc Student||Cohen Ben-Ami Dina|
|Subject||Methods of Internal Conflicts Mitigation in Planning for|
Withdrawal from the Golan Heights
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Ms. Ariela Vraneski|
The relationships between the State of Israel and its neighboring states and nations contain complex territorial aspects. The main aim of this research was to examine the possibility of implementing a process of decision making by consent, by means of a “consensus building” procedure, on the part of the representatives of the various parties among the Jewish inhabitants of the Golan Heights, as a means of planning for evacuation, should a peace treaty signed with Syria demand such a step.
The research methodology included preliminary interviews with experts; structured interviews in the framework of a “conflict assessment”; participatory observation; and a review of diverse documents and of related mass media publications.
This study integrated knowledge on conflict moderation, on evacuation and resettlement, and on the Jewish settlement in the Golan Heights. Our findings and conclusions point out comprehensive planning processes that could be coordinated with progress in the political process. The thesis presents guideposts for the preparation of suitable planning, which should be aware of, and take into account the various desires and interests, while reducing the suffering and frustration that are likely to be experienced by the Israeli side upon the settlement of the conflict with Syria. Our study also emphasized the importance of the participation of the Government representatives and agencies, that in any way influence the evacuation and will probably finance it, in the “consensus building” process.
The research reinforces the conception which states that understanding the background of the conflict, its roots, and the needs of the involved parties, along with the willingness of the parties to communicate and reach agreements, would probably lead to finding sound solutions at reasonable costs.