M.Sc Thesis

M.Sc StudentLevin-Azriel Iris
SubjectIdentity and Place in the Production of Residential
Environments: Giva'at Faradis
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor PROFESSOR EMERITUS Rachel Kallus


This research investigates the link between identity and place. It examines the factors at work in producing residential environments, and the effect of the social and political status of the inhabitants on the physical place in which they live. It probes two residential environments, which although located in the same geographical region, are entirely different from each other. The planning, initiation and the actual building of Givaat Faradis, a neighborhood built as an expansion of the Israeli Palestinian town of Faradis, are being investigated and compared with the nearby Givaat Eden, an extension of the Jewish town of Zichron Yaacov.

The examination is based on a model developed by Lefebvre (1991), which offers a wider perception of the physical environment. The first dimension, the Conceived Space, traces the method by which the planning system marks the design, location, course of construction and the social and physical character of the new neighborhood; the second dimension, the Lived Space, traces the formation of the inhabitants' identity; the third dimension, the Perceived Space, examines the process that leads to the construction of the neighborhood via analysis of the architectural and planning characteristics of the built environment.

The results of the research show that the Israeli Palestinian inhabitants of Givaat Eden do not resist the planning system. They support and approve it, while creating their own critical changes in space. They often adopt Jewish customs and aspire to have qualities similar to that of Givaat Eden, but they also maintain their distinct ethno-national identity through their architecture and their everyday life.