|M.Sc Student||Haj Yehia Hana|
|Subject||Housing Proximity between Jews and Arabs. The Point of View|
of Arabs in Nazareth Illit
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon|
The research focused on Arab households` migration to the Jewish city, Nazareth Illit, and examined their spatial and social attitudes and behaviors. It included a critical review of the relevant literature, an empirical study and a chapter of discussion and conclusions. The empirical study was based on a survey of 205 Arab households in Nazareth Illit and conducted in February and March 2000, before the October events in the same year, which are considered as a turning point in Arab-Jew relations in Israel.
The findings showed that the 90% of the Arabs in Nazareth Illit had lived in nearby towns before they migrated to the city. The main factors that motivated them to move to Nazareth Illit were related to difficulties in finding appropriate apartment and apartment price in their former town. They selected Nazareth Illit because it was close to their previous city and to their workplaces, and because they could find there better dwelling units in a better housing environment. About one third of the interviewees live in an ethnic Arab enclave, haKramim neighborhood, and two thirds are scattered in all the other neighborhoods of the city. A vast majority supported mixed housing in the building, neighborhood, and city level. The level of satisfaction of the interviewees with their apartment, neighborhood, and city was high, and this despite the lack of some public services for the Arabs. A majority of Arab inhabitants (76%) saw Nazareth Illit as their permanent residence and only 5% saw it as a temporary place.
The research conclusions are: (a) Arab residential migration to Nazareth Illit is expected to continue, in spite of the political Arab-Jewish conflict. (b) There are two types of spatial behavior in Nazareth Illit: voluntary spatial segregation and spatial dispersion in other neighborhoods; both of them are accepted by the local community and are expected to survive. (c) The Arabs in Nazeret Illit definitely support ethnically mixed housing. (d) For our research population, the space of Nazareth and Nazareth Illit serves as one urban space, but it seems that for the majority of the population in the area they remain two different cities.