|M.Sc Student||Hirsz De Tuch Jenny|
|Subject||"Neighbours Committee" in the Haifa Municipality: Building|
Permissions in Share Property Housing -
Conflicts and Conflict Management
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Ms. Ariela Vraneski|
The Planning and Building Law empowers the Local Committees for Planning and Building to allow for development according to approved urban plans. Building permissions issued to property's owners, may stimulate or escalate a variety of conflicts. A “Neighbor’s Committee” was established by the Municipality of Haifa, to hear the property house owners and recommend whether to authorize or reject building permission requests.
The principal goal of this research is to expand the knowledge about planning, building and architectural appearance conflicts, and the ways to deal with them. The research methodology focuses on the Neighbor’s Committee as a case study. The research includes interviews with experts in the research fields, and an examination of 134 building permission requests handled by the Neighbor’s Committee in 1999 and 2000.
Our findings demonstrated that the common architectural issues caused significant changes in the buildings appearance. The influence of the Neighbor’s Committee on decisions with regard to the building permission requests and on the building appearance is minimal, while its influence on the Neighbor’s relationship is mixed: in some cases it mitigates conflicts, and in others escalates them. The main conclusion of this research is that improvement of conflict management for the benefit of all parties depends on their participation and involvement in the early stages of the planning process. Our recommendations with regard to possibilities to improve the existing mechanisms and to establish new ones relate to planning and building conflicts and to prospects for their mitigation. These mechanisms may provide welfare and satisfaction to the residential property owners as well as improve the urban aesthetics.