טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentRukhman Valeria
SubjectDetermination of the Three Dimensional Structure of MntC:
A Periplasmic Manganese Transport Protein
from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
DepartmentDepartment of Chemistry
Supervisor Professor Noam Adir


Abstract

The MntC protein is the periplasmic solute-binding protein component of the high-affinity manganese ATP-binding cassette-type transport system in the cyanobacterium Synechocytis PCC sp. 6803. We have determined the structure of recombinant MntC at 2.9A resolution by X-ray crystallography using a combination of multi-wavelength anomalous diffraction and molecular replacement. The presence of Mn(2+) in the metal ion-binding site was ascertained by use of anomalous difference electron density maps using diffraction data collected at the Mn absorption edge. The MntC protein is similar to previously determined metal ion-binding, solute-binding proteins with two globular domains connected by an extended alpha-helix. However, the metal ion-binding site is asymmetric, with two of the four ligating residues (Glu220 and Asp295) situated closer to the ion than the two histidine residues (His89 and His154). A unique characteristic of the MntC is the existence of a disulfide bond between Cys219 and Cys268. Analysis of amino acid sequences of homologous proteins shows that conservation of the cysteine residues forming the disulfide bond occurs only in cyanobacterial manganese solute-binding proteins. Reduction of the disulfide bond in vitro, showed the release of bound Mn(2+). We propose that the reduction or oxidation state of the disulfide bond can alter the binding affinity of the protein towards Mn(2+) and thus determine whether these ions will be transported into the cytoplasm, or be available for photosystem II biogenesis in the periplasm.