Ph.D Thesis

Ph.D StudentHatuka Revital
SubjectSpatial Conflicts: Architecture and Everyday Life in
Tel Aviv of the 1990's
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor PROFESSOR EMERITUS Rachel Kallus


Is there a connection between ethnic, national, and institutional conflicts and the built environment? How is the built environment used as an arena of conflict? How does it stimulate conflicts and how is it influenced by them? What effect do conflicts have on everyday life in the urban environment?  The research suggests that architecture and planning play a role in demarcating spatial order, and as a negotiator and mediator between contesting forces, interests and communities, which often take place in what are defined in this research as "revision moments". The revision moment occurs when social and spatial characteristics of a place create mental, social or physical changes that touch upon the fundamental values of urban society.  These ideas are explored through examination of three occurrences in Tel Aviv during the last decade: [1] the assassination of Prime Minister Rabin in 1995; [2] the terrorist attack at the Dolphinarium discothèque in 2001; and [3] the terrorist attack in the Neve Shaanan neighborhood in 2003. These incidents in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict demonstrate how an ethnic conflict is enacted in the urban arena, and confronts current national and global realities. The events are examined in a broader context of time and space, aiming to understand if and how they influence the urban fabric and what is their contribution to the struggle over territory, resources and power.