טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMalouf Anan
SubjectThe Virtual Urban From of the Contemporary Digitized Order:
Typologies and Concepts
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Yosef Jabareen
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) challenge our outlook and perception of time and space, and our perceptions and practices in urban areas. The massive and rapid development of digital and technological tools, pose new and challenging questions about the concept of space in general, and the urban space in particular. In light of this, the discussion of the structure of cities and urban forms presents a very important research challenge in terms of planning the city. There is broad literature dealing with urban forms and typologies that focuses on the physical side of typologies. However, there is a lack in academic literature dealing with urban forms and typologies of the virtual-urban space.


Correctly, there is a need for a new theory of spatial forms and processes, adapted to the new social, technological and spatial context in which we live. The main questions of which are: What are the typologies that make up the virtual urban space? Moreover, how can they be identified?


This study aims to contribute its part, fill in the above-mentioned shortcomings, and focus on the methodological level of how to identify the typologies of the virtual form, and use this methodology to identify the typologies and concepts that stand behind them, and their characteristics. And finally, to understand the new urban form through the typologies of virtual space, and by learning the interconnections between physical space and virtual space. Thus, the contribution of research focuses on the creation of a conceptual framework in the virtual form, which will contain the typologies themselves, and the concepts that stand behind them.


The study used qualitative methods. Thus, the analysis of the findings and conceptualization was based on the method of constructing a conceptual framework of (Jabareen, 2009). Moreover, various experts were interviewed in various fields, such as smart city entrepreneurs, e-government administrators, media and social media opinion leaders, and academics associated with the discipline. We used in-depth interviews to find and identify concepts and typologies that help them create time-space experiences for their users and the new spatial space. We also learned the tools and methods that help these developers in influencing city users and their behavior with digital tools. In the empirical study, we analyzed official publications of the main big corporations, such as, Google and Facebook, and we looked on other digital projects and services such as Wikipedia, applications such as Waze, Snapchat and even geo-located games such as Pokémon-Go, while reading about those service and even trying them by ourselves through a long period of time (a year and a half).


Six concepts were identified and developed when each principle consisted of a number of typologies. These concepts and their typologies explain and compose the virtual urban space. The virtual-urban form is a central tool for developing and understanding the city in the new dimension and in the digital tools that are added to the city.