טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLevy Hanna
SubjectEmploying Fluid Simulations in Waterfront Design
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Yasha Jacob Grobman
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Seawalls and other types of waterfront infrastructures are predominantly designed to counter natural forces and maintain structural stability. Consequently, their defensive and reactive design impedes other types of uses and users. As an alternative to the single use paradigm, the research attempts to develop a more ecological, performance-based, and civic approach to coastal defense structures that engages with the diverse needs of human and non-human stakeholders.
This work spans three separate fields of knowledge and explores the overlapping area between them: waterfronts, architectural design and fluid dynamics simulations.
Although there are many academic sources dealing with each field of knowledge apart, no academic material was found regarding the use of fluid dynamic simulations for the architectural design of waterfronts, a subject that lies where the fields of interest intersect. The research focused on the waterfront, the interfacing area between the land and the sea, and more specifically on the relation between the geometrical characteristics of the waterfront and the visual effects recreated by the impacting flow of water with the structure. The study concentrated on the relationship between the waterfront geometry and the interacting wave behaviour and geometry and especially on the visual performance of waves over various waterfronts presenting complex geometrical textures.
Multiple parametric textural patterns were simulated in a 40m wave flume for examining the proportional relation between the obstacles’ geometries and their effect on impacting and returning water flows.
The laboratory results were implemented to calibrate equivalent computational setups built in a physically-based fluid simulator. The calibrated computational simulations, in turn, become a potential design tool employable to interactively simulate and manipulate other uninvestigated geometric variants.
The design process developed and tested in this research was formalized into a design methodology in which fluid simulation is used by architects in waterfront design.