טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLoyola Borja Miguel Angel
SubjectThe Value of Reliability in Public Transport and its
Perception in Different Communities
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisors Professor Haim Aviram
Professor Yoram Shiftan
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Being on time when reaching a trip destination is perceived differently by different communities, nevertheless the need to arrive at a desired time is essential.


This study makes a cross cultural comparison of the reliability of public bus transport systems in three cities of three different countries: Haifa, in Israel; Quito, in Ecuador; and Valencia, in Spain. The objective of the study is to understand the comparative importance of reliable public transport for University students attending classes in these diverse countries and locations.

The assumptions we made at the beginning of the study are that:

- Ecuadorians will care less about reliability than either Spaniards or Israelis.

- The importance of missing a scheduled bus will be different from country to country, given their network characteristics.

- Places were more students work tend to give more importance to reliability.


A Stated preference survey has been conducted taking in consideration local fares and current travel times for each community.

A Logit model is designed to detect the importance of reliability of a bus being early or late. Value of Time and Value of Reliability are estimated for each location, and results are compared.

The study establishes that reliability is, in fact, one of the important characteristics when choosing a travel mode (along with Cost and Travel time) in all of these diverse communities.

Cause by the differences between transportation systems of the distinct countries, this study did not cover all possible variables that should be consider. An in depth study, covering other variables should be taken into account.

The differences between the countries are substantial, hence, it is difficult to develop clear results based on this study which compare Public Transportation systems. Thus I should limit my conclusions to the importance of reliability and not to the differences between countries.

In spite of the fact that the money terms of the three countries were corrected to the same scale, the economic differences between the countries may require normalization according to the PIB per capita or Purchase power of the three countries.