טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentArbov Elena
SubjectRepresentation Space in Relation to Time in Architecture
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Alona Nitzan-Shiftan
Dr. Dorit Fershtman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Architectural spatial representation commonly enhance a severe perception of space-time relation, using projection as a primary design tool. This mean of expression conveys the surroundings, regardless of the dimension of time, as absolute and static. However, constant spatial changes call for a representational approach to design that incorporates varied aspects of time, dynamic changes, uncertainty and contingencies. Lacking concrete visual form, the dimension of time is hard to perceive and represent. This abstract quality of time challenges the perception and representation of architectural space-time relation in two-dimensional design.


            The concept 'Space-time' has changed throughout history, from an entity of two separate coordinates, to a physical or perceptive term. The traditional physical (Newtonian) approach treats time and space as two separate terms that are absolute and deterministic. However, early-20th century scientific discoveries gave rise to such theories as Relativism, Fields and Events, which undermine Newtonian notions. This research traces the ways in which the dimension of time has been conceived in architectural design representation, in relation to parallel interdisciplinary concerns in the fields of analytic and continental philosophy and in conceptual art and music. The research focuses on three recurring concepts in postmodern space-time architectural discourse: Event - pertaining to randomness and disruption/interruption within an organized structural system. Multiplicity - addressing concerns within the field of multiple conditions. Duration - attending to sequential processes - the sequence of mutually intersected states of consciousness. Linked to post-structural theories, these three concepts effect transformations that express different interpretative concerns and shed light on challenges in representing space-time relations.


The architectural discourse of space-time representation extended in the mid-20th century with the rise of deconstructivist theories, the critique of conventional structures and the adoption of multiple, open structural interpretations. Event, Multiplicity and Duration relate to interdisciplinary approaches of representing time dependent space using practices that offer representational systems that enable broad interpretative observations, in which mutuality, randomness and dynamics express unstable, temporal evolutionary processes. This research seeks to examine the role of architectural graphic tools in representing space in relation to time, in ways that challenge the architectural canon. In doing so it pursues disciplinary concerns and cases of architectural representation of space in a non-absolute manner. The research draws on theories in the history of architecture and critical theory to highlight the evolving ongoing disciplinary efforts to address the complexity of architectural representation of the time-space concept.