טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentHelly Hirsh
SubjectStatus of Disempowered Social Groups in Public Participation
Processes. Case Study: Urban Regeneration in Haifa
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Jabareen Yosef
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Public participation in Israel, as done today, brings up many questions about the citizen's capacity to take part in the planning decision making process. This situation is especially grating in Pinuy-Binuy projects, which are designed to take place on private property. Things become even more challenging facing the fact that these kind of projects usually planned in low-income neighborhoods. The communication between the two sides- government institutes and the public, doesn't promote cooperation in its basis, since government institutes excludes this kind of population from meaningful and influential discourse. As a result, the situation report shows a very poor reality in the urban regeneration field.

The literature survey included topics in public participation and criticism about the way it is done in particular, disempowered populations and urban regeneration. In the context of urban regeneration a special attention was given to the idea of gentrification and the connection between the two terms.

These research goals are to identify and understand the perceptions, obstructions and participation patterns of different population groups and of the municipality, trying to conceptualize the existing obstructions and offer a better work frame. It is done by comparing two Pinuy-Binuy projects, which take place in two different neighborhoods in Haifa. One of the neighborhoods is characterized with low income population, and the other with high-income land lords.

This is a qualitative research. The data collection was based on 20 open interviews with residents from the two projects and relevant officials. In addition 3 observations were held in residents and public participation meetings. In the end data from municipality meetings protocols, online forums and articles were also added to the data basis. The data analyze was done in the thematic- conceptual method. The themes were brought together by collecting the main ideas brought up and repeated by the interviewees.

Main findings:

  • Public participation process is a purposely deception held by the municipality. The main goal of urban regeneration, as the municipality comprehends it, is attracting new population and the entrepreneur attention. These definitions exclude the existing population from the officials' attention, and create a complete disregard of their needs in the planning process.

         Projects of Pinuy-Binuy, as being held today, constitutes as another example of a 'glass ceiling' between disempowered populations and the genuine chance of improving their life conditions. While the municipality displays urban regeneration as an opportunity for these populations, in actual fact, it does not provide the basic resources needed for the plans to be carried out. Despite the residents' desire for improvement, this leads to an accusing finger being pointed at them, when the projects does not proceeds as planned.

         Finally The relevant officials must see the needs of the existing population as the highest importance in the planning process, inasmuch as in the final outcome of the plan. institutes willing to change their conception of urban regeneration. a work model has been offered, implementing emphasizes and stresses coming from the interviewees. The success of this model depends first and foremost on the planning