טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTalisman Arthur
SubjectAssessment of Public Transport Penalties in the Transit
Assignment Model
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisor Professor Shlomo Bekhor
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Choosing public transportation over private car usually adds a burden to the passenger such as walking to the station, waiting for the line and walking again to the destination. If the passenger needs to transfer between lines, this means that walking time and waiting time to the second line is added to the process. Most transit stops also lack real time information about bus lines, adding uncertainty to the process. Other factors such as comfort or frequency should be considered as well. This additional burden is generally referred to as ‘transfer penalty’.

Transfer penalty is often described in the literature as composed of 3 main parameters; (1) transfer walking time, (2) transfer waiting time, and (3) transfer penalty. Those parameters are influenced by other several factors: (1) reliability, (2) information, (3) security and safety, (4) amenities, and (5) access.

The main purpose of this research is to evaluate the transfer penalty in the Tel-Aviv Metropolitan Area, and compare it to the penalty that is found in the literature. For this purpose, this study analyses the results of an on-board survey conducted on over 230,000 public transportation users. The results of this study provided the average number of transfers that was set as a benchmark for the transfer penalties. Further information from the on-board survey was analyzed with attention on the common features of the public transport user. This was done to establish a profile of the typical public transportation user in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area.

The method used in this study was based on performing transit assignment runs for different combinations of the transfer penalties using TransCAD software. The analysis of the transit assignment runs showed that different combinations of transfer penalties may result in similar average number of transfers.

Today’s public transport planning in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area rely on single value to each parameter that influence the transfer penalty in all bus stations, in and outside the Metropolitan Area. In this research, we have found a range to the parameters that influence the transfer penalty in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area.

This tool can help understand the preferences of the users, by applying calibrated transfer penalties in the transit assignment model. The improved tool would help planning a better public transport network, planning better stops, providing a better service and improving one of the public transport weaknesses - the transferring procedure.