טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentWaks Ziv
SubjectBIM in the Building Permits Process
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Isaac Guedi Capeluto
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

These days information technology affects many areas of our lives and many everyday operations are done digitally through all kind of electronic devices. The same is true in the field of architecture, design and planning. Digital tools offer a wealth of new possibilities. One of the advanced work methods gaining popularity today is BIM (Building Information Modeling), which uses full-model, three-dimensional computer modeling based on detailed information and knowledge about the various components of the planned building.

However, applying in Israel for building permits, like most countries in the world, is mostly if not entirely done by hand and not using computers or any advanced digital tools.

In most cases, the permitting process in Israel for a residential building takes two years, a particularly long time in comparison to other Western countries examined in this work.

In recent years, following the amendments and reforms to the Israeli Planning and Construction Law, large parts of the process are done through a file transfer system, a "Rishui Zhamin" which means online permitting. Like the previous method (digital scale bar and angle gauge) but not automatically.

This work examines what part of the building permit application process can be done through a future system that can comply with the Israeli Planning and Construction Law in a short, automatic permitting procedure.

For the purposes of this study, all the required regulations examined have been divided by type into three main categories which we call “Trunks”. Trunk A represents standalone regulations which can be examined independently without reference to the environment in which the object is being placed. Trunk B represents regulations that have referenced the object being examined in association with another subject but in the same area. Trunk C regulations reference the object being examined in association with another subject, but this time in a different context.

The technology will offer an adaptive mechanism to the catalog which we will call "Branches" according the way it deals with the various tests. Branch A describes technology that we can start using now, with existing software. Branch B is for technology that could be tested using existing software after making some adjustments. Branch C is technology that does not exist yet and if we want to examine such regulations we will have to write specialized software or plug-ins to examine these issues. After writing the rules or inventing the technology, Branch B and C become to Branch A

After examining some random pages from the Israeli Planning and Construction Law, we can say there are at least approximately 3200 regulations and that if we updated the working method as described in this paper, then we could save approximately 86% of the work related to building permits in the permitting departments. This would hopefully shorten the time required to obtain a permit, thus saving paperwork and allowing planners to have more time to improve quality. It would perhaps even help to lower housing prices and the cost of living.