|M.Sc Student||Shamir Mizrahi Yael|
|Subject||Travel Characteristics and Usage Factors of|
|Department||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering||Supervisors||Dr. Rachel Katoshevsky|
|Professor Tomer Toledo|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
This study is intended to test the effectiveness of the "Matronit" ,Bus Transit System (BRT) which started its operations in Haifa metropolitan area in August 2013.
Activation of this system came as a solution for the congestion of Israel's largest metropolitans' roads. A need, therefore, arose for investment in transport infrastructure - mainly public transport, which would provide high level of service for the passengers, by being reliable, efficient and accessible to all.
The Matronit system is connected to the main 5 bus stations in Haifa, the rail station and major activity centers, and as of today consists of 3 main service lines:
Red line (#1) - heading from the HaKrayot, via Route 4 and downtown Haifa, to Carmel beach central station.
Blue line (#2) - heading from Kiryat Ata, via Route 4 and downtown Haifa, to Bat-Galim terminal.
Green line (#3) - from Kiryat Yam and Kiryat Haim to Haifa's neighborhood of Hadar.
The Matronit consists of high capacity vehicles which are moving on separate tracks, dedicated to public transportation, while receiving priority at intersections. The Matronit stations are equipped with electronic signs displaying real-time arrival times of the next Matronit to the station, info signs, as well as automatic ticket purchasing and validating stations.
The aim of this study is to find the travel features and causes which motivate passengers to use the Metronit over other means of travel, in particular over private cars, in the Haifa Metropolitan area. The results of this study should help formulate policies and action-items to encourage the use of the Matronit, as well as examine the feasibility of similar projects in Israel, which are currently being planned.
The study is based on a survey conducted among 104 passengers respondents on board of the 3 lines of the Matronit, during weekdays between 08:00 and 17:00.
The questionnaires include a driving-habits-survey and a stated-preference-survey, and are consisted of three main parts: description of the current ride, description of commuting patterns before the operation of the Matronit and the examination of the Matronit's attractiveness, frequency of use and demographics.
Processing the data from the questionnaires revealed that most passengers were Haifa residents (and suburbs), women, aged 22-64, employed college graduates and have an average monthly income per household or less. Most travel on the Metronit is for commuting to work in the morning. Most of the participants arrived to the station by foot, with a travel time of five minutes or less.
Most of the passengers are satisfied using the Matronit, especially due to the reliability of getting on time to their destination and the location of Matronit stations, however, would like to have more routes available.
The results show that the Matronit is an attractive mean of transportation compared to other modes of transportation and it is important to take into consideration the type of geographic area and the citizens in which it is designed to serve in future planning of similar systems.