טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentSalkinder Sharon
SubjectIntegration of Archaeological Gardens into the Urban
Environment - An Evaluation of the Relationship
between the site and its
Environment
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Michelle Portman
Professor Pnina Plaut
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

About 30,000 archaeological sites of different sizes and status have been designated in Israel including small scale archaeological sites many of which are located within municipal borders. They are characterized by caves, remains of walls, and other structures and their use is limited to open public space.  In several cities these form part of “Archaeological Gardens”.

In Israel there has been an increase in interest in preserving and conserving the historical heritage sites while interest in these "Archaeological Gardens" has waned. Yet, these public open spaces can be a positive part of urban life for the people living near these sites. The aim of this research is to suggest a tool for evaluating the feasibility of successfully integrating archaeological garden designated for conservation within urban areas, to expose the desires and needs of potential users.

The research is based on the existing set of tools used in the design of public open spaces and public gardens, adapted to recognized conservation approaches. The success of the long term integration of an archaeological garden is an expression of the site-environment relationship and assessment based on indices that reflect this relationship. Three methods were used to properly examine of a variety of environmental components: 1) Observation. 2) Geographical Information System analysis. 3) Surveys. The case studies chosen according to formulated criteria, are three Archaeological Gardens (Rogem Ganim, Jason Tomb and Yeda / Ma’arof), all designated for conservation within the framework of the archaeological survey that was done as part of the Jerusalem Master Plan 2000. The data was collected at the archaeological sites within the gardens and within the research areas about a kilometer from the boundaries of the Archaeological Garden.

The results show that each of the three Archaeological Gardens has its own unique elements. People use the gardens according to their components and characteristics and there is a significant correlation between visit frequency and three other variables: archaeological components, the presence and quality of shade and the number of visitors in the gardens. In one case the absence of desirable components which impact negatively on the status of the garden can be overcome by community-based conservation processes. These insights and others led to development of an initial evaluation tool consisting of seven steps which can be offered to interested parties involved in the integration of archaeological gardens into the surrounding urban environment.

In the future it will be worthwhile to survey archaeological gardens proposed for extension neighborhoods in Jerusalem and in other cities. It will be possible to apply this initial tool to the case studies used in the research and/or to other Archaeological Gardens. This will subject the research methods and conclusions to needed additional examination.