טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBak Nitzan
SubjectIs Free Park and Ride Shuttle an Alternative to the
Private car?
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisors Dr. Rachel Katoshevsky
Professor Yoram Shiftan
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This study deals with the "fast lane" to Tel-Aviv, a High Occupancy Toll road (HOT) lane. HOT lanes provide motorists in single-occupant vehicles access to high-occupancy vehicle lanes (or "HOV lanes") by paying a toll. This special lane, which was opened in January 2011, is the only HOT lane in Israel. In the fast lane to Tel-Aviv a dynamic pricing system is ensuring minimum travel speed of 70 km/hr in the lane. A park and ride lot with 2,000 parking spaces, free of charge is offered, as well as a free shuttle to two destinations in Tel-Aviv for travelers who want to park and ride to the city.

The aim of this study is to identify the most important factors that will cause private car drivers to shift to the shuttle operated on the HOT lane. Such understanding can be helpful for policy making in promoting programs to encourage mode shifting from private car to public transport.

The study is based on a survey conducted on board the shuttle busses among passengers on weekdays, mostly in the mornings. It was conducted in the two existing shuttle lines (Tel-Aviv and Ramat-Gan), during the trip that last about 15 minutes. The sample size: 116 respondents, 45% were male and 55% female.

The most interesting findings are: 58% stated that they would have reached their destination by car if there was no fast lane and shuttle. The most important factors which influence the decision to use the shuttle operated on the HOT lane, are the free access to the lane, relaxed travel, reliable arriving time and saving time. 48% of the survey participants reached their destination by public transport before opening the fast lane and shuttle, and 52% reached their destination by private car. 58% stated that they would travel by a free train from the parking lot versus only 23% that stated they are willing to pay 10 NIS for the train. On the other hand, half of the survey participants are willing to pay 5 NIS and continue to use the shuttle.

In summary, this study shows that the transportation solution of the park and ride plus a shuttle is a good solution within the frame of solutions encouraging people to shift from private cars to public transportation.