|M.Sc Student||Vanunu Maimon Lior|
|Subject||An Examination of Factors Affecting the Population of|
Workers Move from Private Vehicles to Public
|Department||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering||Supervisors||Dr. Rachel Katoshevsky|
|Professor Yoram Shiftan|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
The purpose of this study is to explore the level of workers’ willingneSeptember 3, 2015ss to switch from private car to public transportation. The study try to answer the question what are the main factors that can make workers to shift to use public transportation and carpooling.
The study is based on a wide review of literature and a questionnaire distributed to workers. The questionnaire was divided into four main sections: 1. Part I - Characteristics of respondent. 2. Part II - The way of getting to work. 3. Part III - How they return from work. 4. Part IV - Questions concerning the various options/factors that may encourage switching to public transportation.
The survey was carried out at various work places: the First International Bank in Naharia, Azreali shopping centers in Tel-Aviv and in Modiin, the Academic College in Tel-Aviv-Jafa, and Yuvalim school in Modiin. As mentioned, the aim was to study the potential impact of various characteristics and measures on employee's willingness to switch from car-use to public transportation. Various aspects were analyzed including personal characteristics, travel characteristics, as well as various measures available to employers, public authorities, and public transportation companies.
The measures that were introduced in the questionnaire include; decrease traveling time and fare of the public transportation, carpooling information, "smart " transportation tickets, financial incentives for using public transportation, increase parking prices, shorter walk from public transportation stations to work and home, and higher frequency of public transportation.
The results of the study indicate that different measures have a potential to pull employees to use public transportation, such as the reduction (by half) of public transportation travel time and reduction (by half) of public transportation costs. Young people (aged 26-35) rated travel time as the most important factor that can influence their decision to switch to public transportation, while those in the age group of 36-55 ranked the cost as the most influential factor. Among those who don’t have free parking at work, the idea of an additional cost of 20 Israeli Shekels per day has high positive influence of switching to public transportation.
In addition, It turns out from the questionnaire results, as the level of higher income, the more use of cars for commuting to work. Also found that There is a very high willingness of employees to integrate with them more workers commuting by car to work free of charge, While most people that are willing to take their friends think that their friends come by car and do not need a ride getting to work.
The importance of this research is in pointing out the relevant measures, in the Israeli context, that can encourage people to shift their commute from car to public transportation. It can help policy makers as well as employers and public transportation companies to define some regulations or create different incentives and alternatives to pull people to use public transportation for their commute.