טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentAkiva Ran
SubjectAnisotropic Grain Boundary Mobility in Undoped and
Doped alpha-Alumina
DepartmentDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering
Supervisor Professor Kaplan Wayne D.
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

The solubility limit of Ca in 99.99% pure α-Al2O3 (alumina) was measured using a wavelength dispersive spectrometer mounted on a scanning electron microscope.  Al2O3 samples were equilibrated at a concentration which ensured saturation of the Al2O3 grains with Ca, and were quenched in water from 1600°C.  The results were compared with those from samples which were furnace-cooled from 1600°C.  For the quenched samples the Ca solubility limit was found to be 51±1 ppm, which is significantly larger than the solubility limit for samples which were furnace-cooled (26±1 ppm).

The grain boundary mobility of polycrystalline alumina (α-Al2O3), and the effective grain boundary mobility of the basal (0001) plane as it grew into polycrystalline alumina, was determined for undoped alumina, alumina doped with 23 ppm MgO, and alumina doped with 13 ppm CaO at 1600°C. Doping with MgO at a level below the solubility limit decreased the grain boundary mobility from 2.65•10-15 m2/s to 1.55•10-15 m2/s, and doping with CaO at a level below the solubility limit increased the mobility to 3.48•10-15 m2/s.  For the undoped samples, the activation energy for average grain boundary migration was 372±39 kJ/mol.

The mobility of the (0001) plane growing into alumina doped with MgO at a level below the solubility limit decreased to 1.14•10-15 m2/s compared with the mobility of the (0001) plane growing into undoped alumina (2.52•10-15 m2/s), and the mobility of the (0001) plane growing into alumina doped with CaO (below the solubility limit) increased to 3.21•10-15 m2/s.  The activation energy for the migration of the (0001) plane into undoped alumina was 483±76 kJ/mol. While a measured Ca excess of 2.6 Ca/nm2 at the boundary between the (0001) plane and CaO doped alumina is correlated with an increased mobility, the plate-like morphology of CaO doped polycrystalline alumina is associated with an increased mobility of non-basal planes.