טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTener Karake Polina
SubjectSmart Tile Systems
Surfaces Based on Tile Systems without External
Joints
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Yasha Jacob Grobman
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Infinite spatial structures, which are widely found in natural systems such as sponge polyhedra, infinite surfaces and infinite polyhedra, are rarely translated to independent physical elements in various scales in outdoor or indoor spaces, due to their structural complexity. To be transformed into manmade physical elements, these tissues usually need to be analyzed and separated into independent components or repetitive units, after which inherent structural and assembling logic is able to imitate the desired natural system.


Until recently, fabrication and assembly constraints restricted this process of separation to relatively simple forms. Generally, these systems were laid upon an additional net of joints, whose purpose was to support and connect together the whole system. This, however, made the system heavier, more complex to assemble and sometimes more expensive. One of the main problems regarding the limitations designers face in developing such systems was finding the right balance between the system’s mechanical aspects and the desired design image. The introduction of parametric design tools for architectural and Industrial design, combined with 3D fabrication technologies, has made it possible to explore ways to overcome these limitations.


This research presents and examines the potential of creating and implementing infinite spatial tiling systems without external joints, in both linear and curved structures. The preliminary stage consisted of developing a database of relevant knowledge. The database, which included several mini-studies of topics such as morphology, joining and more, has shown viable directions for future development.


Based on the data gathered in the preliminary stage, the research focuses on exploring possible methods of systematic development of spatial systems without external joints. It defines types of natural nets that have the potential to be separated into individual repetitive units and examines inherent joining variations. Finally, it presents and discusses two case studies that were carried out to validate the initial hypothesis and test the suggested work methods. In the first case study, an infinite spatial tiling system was developed as a green partition, based on polyhedral enclosure logic. The second case study presents another approach to tiling based on topological interlocking. The research’s final stage examines the potential and advantages of such systems.


The research shows that it is possible to create infinite spatial, 3D curved surfaces without external joints. It also demonstrates that the methodology developed during the research seems to be effective in the process of creating such systems. However, there are still many constraints on their realization.