טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentPlatin Nadav
SubjectThe Intensity of Re-urbanization Processes in Israel
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Amnon Frenkel
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

 “Re-Urbanization" deals with population movement that leads to urban renewal, occurring within the existing urban fabric. The population migration is the result of a variety of diverse processes. These processes may be planned or spontaneous and may include demolition and construction, gentrification or other redevelopment processes.

Just in recent years there has been improvement in the amount of quantitative data collected and the technological capabilities to organize and analyze spatial patterns. This enables to analyze such data from across Israel (from 1995-present) - demographic, economic, construction, etc. - information which when analyzed concurrently, can give valuable insights into re-urbanization process .

The main objective of this study is to gain better understanding of the Re-urbanization process in Israel. The study aims to characterize, the intensity and dynamic of the process, and to provide a real time view on Re-urbanization process in Israel.

The first step on the methodology process was to define areas and timeline of investigation . By using GIS, and the topography mapping date on the built area of Israel, we were able define the relevant statistical areas for the study. We defined total of 581 statistical areas in 51 cities, which represents a big portion of urban settlement in Israel; including about 93% from all cities which are greater than 50,000 inhabitants.  

The data analyses were done by statistical inference, using SPSS software. On the first step we analyzed the physical built pattern by using descriptive statistics. On the second step we analyzed relation between the physical built intensive pattern to the geographic, demographic, and socio-economic and real estate characters of the different areas.

Over the years the addition of new housing units in the built fabric amounted to 2,175 - 6,074 units per year. The built fabric share out of the total built housing unit was between 12% -20%. There is no clear tendency of increase in the building of new housing units in the built fabric.

Based on our finding in the study, we can indicate on relation between proximity to Tel Aviv Metropolis core and more intensive Re- urbanization process. We can also indicate on strong relation between higher intensive Re-urbanization process and higher socio- economic improvement of the area inhabitants. We found out that higher intensive Re-urbanization process will most likely be generated in higher valued real estate areas. The study conclusions are that Re-urbanization is an important and main process of urban landscape designing in central Israel, and on the same time a negligible process in the periphery.

It is also appears that Re-urbanization is highly affected by the general demeaned for housing. But still, in the last years we can show growth in consumer preference for living in the built fabric of the cities.

Unlike gentrification which occurs mainly at deteriorated areas, Re-urbanization in Israel is mainly a dominant process at mid-high level areas. Re-urbanization is a process of constant improvement of the built fabric, which not necessary following deteriorated areas in the urban fabric.