M.Sc Thesis


M.Sc StudentNahshon Indig
SubjectSub-Optimal Spatial Mid-Course Guidance with Angular
Constraint
DepartmentDepartment of Aerospace Engineering
Supervisors Full Professors Ben-Asher Yoseph
Dr. Nathan Farber
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Dividing the guidance stages into two main phases, a midcourse phase and a terminal phase, is a common practice in long range interceptions.  The Midcourse Guidance (MCG) task is to keep the interceptor on an optimal trajectory under various problem constraints toward a Predicted Interception Point (PIP), whereas the Terminal Guidance (TG) task is to hit the target. This study develops a novel near-optimal spatial midcourse guidance to the PIP under a terminal angular constraint. The angular constraint is formulated in terms of a required difference between the interceptor and the target flight directions at impact.  The research consists of two main parts: the planar case and the spatial case.  The first part revisits the linear planar guidance problem with a terminal angular constraint between the velocities. Then a non-linear optimal control problem is solved numerically, either by minimizing the total squared acceleration, or by maximizing the total terminal energy Finally, a new closed loop guidance law is proposed, with performances matching the optimal results for the non-linear case. The results were examined for various aerodynamic models. The second part extends the new guidance law to the spatial case, by determining the preferred spatial maneuver plane based on energy considerations. The proposed law is demonstrated for two important special cases: the arrival with an angular constraint of 900 and with the angular constraint 00 (Head-On arrival).