טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentHaas Inbal
SubjectInvestigating the Characteristics Influencing the
Residence Place and the Workplace Choices in
Israel
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisor Professor Shlomo Bekhor
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Among the most cardinal decisions one makes in the course of his/her life stands the choice of residence place and workplace location. Each of these choices provides the individual with a set of different amenities, and many studies considered them independently. However, an independent examination of both these choices neglects vital elements like commuting implications. This subject alone has a major influence with respect to one's life and well being. Furthermore, it bears significant implications also with respect to the negative externalities generated as a result of it. That is why the residence-workplace choice balance carries primary transportation influences, and hence constitutes the main motivation for investigating this subject. The current study focuses on different aspects concerning location choices of both the residence and the workplace. The literature shows that most models are based on discrete choice theory, and the present study also makes use of this theory. Several models were developed, in an attempt to understand the main factors that affect the combined choice of residence and workplace. The first one dealt with the choice of moving to a different residence location, and sought to characterize those who perform such a move. The second one divided the population into two groups: those who live and work in the same locality, and those who live and work in different localities, and tried to characterize each one of these groups. The next two models concentrated on the combined choice of residence location and workplace location, and attempted to typify this combined choice with respect to the amenities each location offers, the individual characteristics and the level-of-service variables. The difference between these models lies in the geographical resolution of the country. In one of the models the residence and workplace locations were represented by district affiliation, while in the other, the division was made by sub districts. The data used for the models was based mainly on the Population Census of the year 1995 conducted by the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics. The model estimation results supported the hypothesis according to which, location related amenities, individual characteristics and level-of-service variables determine to a great extent the favorability of a place as a residence location or as a workplace location. In addition, discrete choice modeling allowed for identification of different population groups with regard to their residence - workplace preferences.