טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentNir Shahar
SubjectLuxury Residential Towers as Gated Communities: The Case of
Tel Aviv
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Jabareen Yosef
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This research investigates luxury residential towers in Tel Aviv through the concept of gated communities, relying on two Israeli researches who argue that there is a trend of distinction between classes in the city from the day it was founded, and that the luxury residential towers are the newest stage of this trend.  The research describes the rapidly increasing phenomenon of luxury residential towers in Tel-Aviv, and other cities following it, and shows that a single building can have many characteristics similar to gated neighborhoods. The research reviews the evolution of gated communities in Israel, and lists different characteristics related to these communities. It examines these characteristics to check whether luxury towers really function as gated communities, and in what aspects. The research defines luxury towers socially. Reports about luxury towers were collected from written and electronic newspapers, and a list of all the buildings mentioned was assembled. These buildings as well as regular (non-luxury) residential towers in the city were mapped. The main research tool was a questionnaire, which includes questions about characteristics of gated communities. Interviews were conducted whenever possible. In addition, several issues were surveyed about the buildings. 47 questionnaires from 15 luxury towers and 102 questionnaires from 23 regular towers were collected. I found that luxury towers are much taller than the regular ones. Some of the luxury towers are built as projects that include a few buildings. Two projects are located in areas isolated from the city. Luxury towers use security measures much stricter then used in regular towers. Services and amenities, like swimming pool and a gym, make another difference between the two types of buildings. For much more of the luxury tower residents the apartment they live in is not the only place of residence, compared to regular towers. For luxury towers residents safety was much more important as a reason to move into the building. The percent of residents with children living with them is significantly smaller in luxury towers. The residents of these towers have a stronger connection to the building and a weaker connection to the neighborhood.  In luxury towers the use of a contract, signed by new residents, is much more common, as well as the use of management or maintenance companies. In these towers an organized way of informing new residents about the rules of the building is also much more common.