טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMudrik Yair
SubjectNeighborhood Planning Approaches in Isreal: The Case of
Tel Aviv-Jaffa
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Yosef Jabareen
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The neighborhood is considered by many city planners as the basic building unit of the city. Over the years we find different plans, schemes and designs centered on this basic planning unit. Even today in the Global Era, where places lose some of their unique characteristics, the idea of a comprehensive neighborhood still holds central significance.

This significance comes from several factors: A. The neighborhood provides its residents a sense of belonging, security, a place for leisure as well as consumption. B. In the Neoliberal Era, where the private entrepreneur plays an important role, the neighborhood acts as a status symbol as well as a reference point in the real estate market. C. For planners, the neighborhood perceived as a solution to social barriers (by promoting increased neighbor - to - neighbor interactions), and as a way to bridge the gap between the private house and urban complexity.

This research investigates, which neighborhood planning models contributed to the current city plan of Tel Aviv - Jaffa. What were the nascent physical and social aspects of the neighborhood, and what are the differences (if any) between plans that were made by the private sector to those who were made by the public sector.

This was done by reviewing 1101 city municipality plans from all across of Tel Aviv - Jaffa, from 1937 to 2012 and comparing them to typologies that were derived from six key neighborhood planning models that were expected to contribute to the planning design of Tel Aviv - Jaffa. These models are: 1. The Garden City model. 2. Unite D'habitation. 3. The Neighborhood Unit. 4. The Urban Village model. 5. New Urbanism. 6. The Sustainable Community Idea.

The results of this research are inconclusive.

On one hand you can find several neighborhoods in Tel Aviv - Jaffa that were influenced mostly by a single neighborhood model. On the over hand, most of the neighborhoods plans reveal a mixture of different ideas deriving from several models. Although the research found a clear distinction between plans that were made by the public and private sectors, there was insufficient evidence to support the neighborhood planning models influencing public sector plans more than private sector plans.

What is more clear, is the strong and distinctive influence in the city municipality plans by the economic and political views in Israel.