טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentKalush Nitzan
SubjectNovel Technologies Building Strategies Supporting Assembly
and Dis Assembly in Design: Design Evaluation
Model
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Rivka Oxman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The first part of the paper focuses on a review of the theoretical framework of the field of DFD ("Design for Disassembly"). The main conclusion of this review is that the ability of a structure to response to changes is depended on its potential to be disassembled and the level of its building technique complexity. High level of adaptation, means high level of flexibility and efficiency, and lower level of environmental footprint. Design for disassembly means design for changes, and design for changes is a sustainable design by definition.


The second part of the paper focuses on constructing of an assessment model for DFD efficiency in structures. With this model, the paper aims to lay the foundations of assessment modeling and adds another layer of knowledge by connecting the research to the practices of architecture and engineering.

The aim of the model is to enable a base for comparison and assessment of DFD values of architectural structures. The model can be used both as an analysis tool to design future structures, as well as a comparison tool to be applied on existing case studies. This part of the paper will specify the parameters for the assessment of the design, and the frame and ranking criteria of the model will be explained.

The third part of the paper focuses on experimenting the model by comparing three case studies. All of the three case studies chosen for this purpose, represent one of the most important building types made to be rapidly changed, dislocated, reused - the pavilion. Most of contemporary pavilions exhibit cutting edge building and design techniques, and are developed as an attraction spot in architecture schools, museums, parks and exhibitions around the globe. 

The paper reviles an analysis of the three pavilions designed for the Serpentine gallery in London:


2006- Serpentine pavilion RemKoolhaas.

2008- Serpentine pavilion  Oscar Niemeyer

2003- Toyo Ito Serpentine pavilion


The analysis of the case studies was done on the basis of a real time footage of the assembling and disassembling processes of the pavilions. The data of the comparison stage is presented as tables and graphs. High rank of parameters, means higher level of DFD, which means longer life cycle and less environmental footprint of the structure.


The last part of the paper, draws conclusions, and defines the potential of developing further research directions.