טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLitvak Zilla
SubjectPlanning for Specific Cultural Groups: The Case of Rahat
and its Vicinity in the Negev
Culture-Oriented Planning
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Yosef Jabareen
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This study examines planning in the context of specific cultural groups, focusing on the Arab-Bedouin population in the Negev. This unique social group is in transition from nomadism and semi-nomadism to sedentarization and exposed to processes of cultural change. The central aim of the study is to explore for possible enrichment of the physical language of planning and the process of planning that stem from cultural characteristics.

The study's questions deal with: Cultural and social components relevant to planning; Planning for cultural components and specific groups; Cultural and planning components for Negev's Arab-Bedouins; Possible dilemmas and conflicts with normative comprehensive planning principles; Integrating those components in planning language and planning process; Integrating planning language and process as a contribution to planning and to people's wellbeing.

Rahat and its vicinity as test-case represent the three typical observed forms of settlements: old, new planned and spontaneous. Planning and Culture are examined by two main guidelines, planning language and planning process. Main plans of Rahat are analyzed by measuring and assessing the relative portion of the cultural and planned components, the relative portion of tradition and progress, and the influence of planning principles.

Main findings are: All plans were preceded by some kind of master plan with some social cultural aspect in focus. In all plans the social-cultural need was answered, whereas the relative portion of cultural components differs from any master plan and its final plan, and among the different plans. The plans treated differently the levels of planning: the settlement, the neighborhood and the single lot and house. The planning process shows a progress in deepening public participation.

 The complexity of the findings reinforces justification for adopting culture-oriented methods of research and planning. Realizing the multi-directed nature of social-change processes, and the tension between tradition and renovation, emphasize the need for some essential steps: Creating flexible solutions in terms of planning language and process; Creating comprehensive individual participation process; Creating a tool to follow-up existing and new planning to achieve better harmony with the social-cultural needs.

Implication of the insights from the findings may contribute to approaching planning for the cultural group of the Bedouins. Developing flexible planning-types and creating individual based participation path, can make a breakthrough in the field of culture-oriented planning, both in local and global levels.